Live fire training in Class A container systems
All live fire training is inherently dangerous. After two Swedish firefighters lost their lives to a flashover in 1986, the Swedish government asked the country’s Rescue Service to develop a full burn behaviour program that included flashover training. The intent of the program was to help firefighters recognize extreme fire behaviour and avoid injuries and death.
Dräger brought this live fire training program to North America
in 1990 and has delivered hundreds of systems in the US and
Canada to fire departments, fire academies, airports, military
agencies, and more. Dräger’s Swede Survival Systems and Dräger certified instructional training programs have been designed and delivered in accordance with training methods developed by the Swedish Rescue Services Agency through the Swedish Rescue Training Center (SRTC).
It is a multiple container-based Class A burn structure allowing for real ﬁre scenarios in a cost-eﬀective design. Included with each structure is a comprehensive train-the-trainer course with qualiﬁed, experienced instructors.
PHASE 1: Burn Behaviour and Flashover Observation
In a safe and controlled setting 3 feet below the burn chamber, trainees closely observe typical fire behaviour in a room-and-contents fire. They witness ignition, the phases of fire development, and the signs that lead to a flashover – including heavy smoke, heat, thermal layering, and rollover.
PHASE 2: Interior Attack and Mobile Interior Attack
In a 40-foot container, training now takes place on the same level as the fire. Trainees enter the unit, identify the level of fire development, and use proper nozzle techniques to control the fire. This version of the Phase 2 system is available on a mobile trailer, comprising all of the training features of the stationary Phase 2 unit while allowing for use in multiple locations.
PHASE 3: Backdraft
Demonstrates the warning signs of backdraft and the intensity of an explosion. If warning signs go unnoticed, a firefighter can cause a backdraft by opening a door or breaking a window to reach a compartment fire. For exterior observation only, the Phase 3 is a laboratory that gives trainees the opportunity to learn about the conditions that can cause or otherwise occur
during a backdraft condition.
PHASE 4: Garage
Simulates an entry room with heat and smoke leading to a large live-fire room, providing additional fire attack scenarios. This trainer is configured with two 40-foot containers side-by-side and a 20-foot container installed perpendicularly at the entry point of the burn chamber. This layout forms a hallway entry into a double-wide burn chamber for more advanced and dynamic scenarios.
PHASE 5: Multi-Fire; Multi-Story
Simulates a multi-story, single-family dwelling structure fire. This flexible unit leverages the lessons learned from Phases 1–4: size up, breach, ventilation, enter, search and rescue, attack, and overhaul. It enables fire attack at grade, below grade, and above grade, covering applicable NFPA 1001 requirements – at a fraction of the cost of similar architectural burn buildings.
PHASE 6: Interior Hallway
Simulates a hotel or apartment building fire with an 80-foot central hallway and 20-foot containers as burn chambers. This system lets you train for fire attacks, smoke conditions, search and rescue, and hose handling through the main corridor. Various scenarios available due to the length of the central hallway and the number of potential
- Equipment and Training enabling you to
- Develop a progressive live firefighter training curriculum
- Minimize risk
- Replicate real-world scenarios
- Control training costs
- Features of the Swede System
- Develop a progressive live firefighter training curriculum based in part on our published curriculum for each individual simulator
- Control training costs
- Replicate Modern Fire Behavior
- Achieve multiple NFPA training competencies through a field-proven curriculum
- Recognize and observe fire behaviour and conditions in a safe and controlled environment
- Curriculum includes:
- Ignition sources
- Fire behaviour
- Formation of fire gases
- Fire control
- Container operations
- Hydraulic ventilation
- Smoke and ventilation exercises
- Nozzle technique
- Smoke conditions recognition
- Container management
- Overall safety